Strategi Pengurusan Usaha Dalam Kalangan Pelajar Kursus Bahasa Arab

Alhamdulillah, terbit di Jurnal Teknologi UTM (SCOPUS) siri 38, Mei 2012

Abstrak

Kursus bahasa Arab di Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) merupakan satu subjek elektif kepada pelajar peringkat ijazah sarjana muda. Objektif kajian ini adalah untuk mengenal pasti tahap penggunaan strategi pengurusan usaha pelajar dalam konteks kemahiran lisan bahasa Arab di UiTM. Ia berbentuk kajian campuran antara kuantitatif dan kualitatif dengan menggunakan instrumen soal selidik pembelajaran kendiri yang diubah suai daripada skala The Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) serta temu bual dengan pelajar. Bagi mendapatkan data kuantitatif, teknik persampelan rawak berstrata (stratified random sampling) digunakan, melibatkan seramai 445 orang pelajar. Manakala bagi data kualitatif pula, ia melibatkan 21 temu bual, iaitu 13 siri temu bual dengan pelajar dan lapan siri temu bual dengan pensyarah. Dapatan kajian menunjukkan bahawa strategi ini digunakan pada tahap yang sederhana. Faktor yang dikenal pasti mempengaruhi penggunaan strategi ini ialah orientasi pembelajaran pelajar serta bentuk aktiviti pembelajaran. Kajian ini mencadangkan beberapa penambahbaikan dalam pembelajaran kemahiran lisan bahasa Arab di UiTM seperti menggalakkan pembelajaran yang berorientasikan intrinsik, memperbanyakkan aktiviti berkumpulan yang berbentuk kolaboratif dan menekankan konsep autonomi pelajar.

Kata kunci: strategi pengurusan usaha, pembelajaran bahasa Arab, kemahiran lisan bahasa Arab, pembelajaran kendiri, MSLQ

 

The Use of Effort Regulation Strategy Among

Arabic Language Course Students

 

Abstract

The Arabic course at Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) Malaysia is an elective offered to first degree students. The objective of this study is to identify the use of effort regulation strategy among students in learning oral Arabic skills at UiTM. It is a mixed method of quantitative and qualitative study using a self-regulated learning questionnaire adapted from The Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) and interviews. For quantitative data, the stratified random sampling technique was used involving 445 samples, while for qualitative data, 21 interviews were engaged, comprising 13 interviews with students and 8 with lecturers. The study found that the use of this strategy is moderate. Among factors that influence the use of this strategy are students’ learning orientation and types of learning activities used in learning. This study suggests some improvements in oral Arabic learning at UiTM such as nurturing intrinsic learning orientation among students as well as engaging more collaborative and autonomous grouping activities.

Keywords:  effort regulation strategy, Arabic language learning, oral Arabic skills, self-regulated learning, MSLQ

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